Welcome Doctor of Ministry Students!
This guide collects a wide range of resources that can help you through the creation of your Major Project, from proposal to final submission.

Research Tips - An overview of print and electronic resources, how to formulate search queries and refining search results, and organizing the resources you collect with bibliographic management software.

Literature Review - The mechanics of compiling and assessing resources in preparation for a literature review.

Annotated Bibliography - The mechanics of compiling an annotated bibliography with or without bibliographic management software.

Formatting Help - The mechanics of creating a publication-ready file to submit to ProQuest.

Ask Questions and Share Your Comments About Major Projects
Tip: Use the Google login option and your lancasterseminary.edu account to join the discussion.
 
Need a Personal Research Assistant?
General Inquiries
  • Email us
  • Call 717-290-8707
  • Write to:
    Schaff Library
    Lancaster Theological Seminary
    555 West James St.
    Lancaster, PA 17603
Seminary Librarian
 Photo of Myka Kennedy Stephens
Deaconess Myka Kennedy Stephens
Seminary Librarian and Assistant Professor of Theological Bibliography

Feel free to schedule an appointment with me to discuss your research needs. Click the button above to sign up for an available time.
Remote Library Access
Step 1: Go to https://library.lancasterseminary.edu and log in
  • Your library account login is connected to your lancasterseminary.edu Google login
  • Use the link at the top of the site and follow the prompts (if any) to log in with your lancasterseminary.edu Google account
Step 2: Wait for the purple "Authenticating into OpenAthens" banner to disappear before continuing
  • This only takes a few seconds
Linking Your EBSCOhost Account
Step 1: (After logging in as described above) Go to EBSCO Discovery Service

Step 2: In the top menu bar, click "Sign In"

Step 3: Follow the prompts to create a new account and link it to your login. You will only have to do this once. After your account is created, clicking "Sign In" will automatically connect to your EBSCOhost account.

Features of a personal My EBSCOhost account:
Helpful Databases and When to Use Them
Discovery Searches in the Library CatalogEBSCO Discovery Service
  • Aggregated search engine that pulls results from our local collections, subscribed electronic content, and select open access resources
  • Returns a lot of results; using limiters is important
  • Good for initial searching and for follow-up searching after examining more focused search results
  • Use the EBSCO Discovery Interface or click the link to "View in EDS" from the library's catalog to access the My EBSCOhost features listed in the box above
EBSCO Publication Finder
  • Searchable and browsable title list for all our journals and magazines
  • See articles published in a journal by issue
ATLA Religion Database with ATLASerials PLUS
  • Top database for religion research
  • Not all listings are full text
  • Search and browse for articles by scripture passage
Religion and Philosophy Collection
  • Complements the ATLA Religion Database
  • Provides additional full text resources
  • Good database for religion, theology, and philosophy research
Social Sciences Full Text
  • Good database for sociology, psychology, and social work research
  • Useful for projects on pastoral care to specific groups of people or projects exploring social issues
  • All resources are available in full text
Project MUSE Project MUSE
  • Good interdisciplinary database
  • Provides full text, DRM-free electronic resources
  • Useful for religion, theology, philosophy, sociology, and interdisciplinary research that includes literature, art, music, and history 
WorldCat
  • Global library catalog
  • Helpful when looking for a particular item and the nearest library where it may be located
  • Correlate holding libraries with the list of SEPTLA libraries and ATLA Reciprocal Borrowing Program participants to see if there's a library near you that would allow you to direct borrow
  • Or, submit an ILL request and pick up the item when it is delivered to Lancaster Seminary
Search Tips and Tricks
Limiters
All our databases and catalogs have a way to limit search results. This is a way of narrowing down the list by removing results that don't meet certain criteria. Helpful limiters for any search are:
  • Language - set this to your preferred language if you don't want to see results that may need to be translated
  • Date published - this range can be adjusted so that you only see results published within a specific time period
  • Full text - check this box if you're looking for articles and books you can read online immediately (not always desirable!)
Learn more about limiters from EBSCO. The library catalog, Project MUSE, and other platforms also use limiters similar to EBSCO.

Linked Data
When you click on a record from the search results, you get more information about that resource: authors, subject headings, and series or journal titles. All of this information is hyperlinked. Clicking on any of these links will launch a new search for all records that share that author, heading, or title.

As you explore search results, you may find that some resources are more relevant to you than others. Use the linked data on these records to find additional resources that may not have come up in your initial keyword search.

Boolean Operators
Most searching starts with entering a few keywords. Search engines, however, are trained to recognize Boolean operators (AND, OR, and NOT) that can be used to create more sophisticated searches. 

Boolean searches can be especially helpful when the keywords in a search mean different things. Using them helps narrow an unwieldy search that cannot be narrowed easily using limiters. Here is more information from EBSCO about Boolean searches.

Staying Informed with RSS Feeds
RSS feeds are text-based broadcasts that come from websites and databases. Collect the feeds from resources central to your research topics and stay up-to-date when new articles or information becomes available. RSS feeds can be saved in your browser, added to Zotero, delivered to your email, or added to an RSS reader service like Feedly
 
General Inquiries
  • Email us
  • Call 717-290-8707
  • Write to:
    Schaff Library
    Lancaster Theological Seminary
    555 West James St.
    Lancaster, PA 17603
Writing Center
Need a coach for your project?
Seminary Librarian
 Photo of Myka Kennedy Stephens
Deaconess Myka Kennedy Stephens
Seminary Librarian and Assistant Professor of Theological Bibliography

Feel free to schedule an appointment with me to discuss your research needs. Click the button above to sign up for an available time.
Literature Review Resources
In addition to the texts used in DMin Seminar IV, here are some helpful online resources about preparing a literature review:
How to Rapidly Assess a Resource
  • Take a look at the record details. Are the subject headings relevant to your topic? Is the publication date appropriate to the scope of your research?
  • For books: Read the table of contents and skim the index. If it still seems this would be a helpful resource, skim the introduction and conclusion. Next, read the summary, introduction, and conclusion for each chapter. Finally, deep dive into the parts that are most relevant to your topic.
  • For articles: Read the abstract and look at the section headings. If it still seems this would be a helpful resource, read the introduction and conclusion. Finally, deep dive into the parts that are most relevant to your topic.
Organizing Your Resources and Notes
It is extremely important to keep track of the resources you review. It is extremely difficult to track down the source of a quote when you have begun the writing phase if you didn't properly record it in your notes. There are many different ways to take and organize notes. 

Paper-Based Systems
Notecards and notebooks are still widely used and many prefer the tactile, kinetic experience of recording notes by hand. We recommend the following for those who are inclined toward paper-based note keeping:
  • Keep things neat and tidy - use notebooks, folders, and/or file boxes that can keep individual pages and cards contained
  • Keep things secure - avoid file folders without flaps or pockets and loose paper clips that could lead to lost pages
  • Keep things in one place - when you have completed a trip to the library or a searching session on your computer, store all your notes in a centralized location
  • Pay attention to details - record full publication information about a source and where you found it so that you can create an accurate footnote and bibliography entry
  • Use quotation marks when copying a direct quote
  • Page numbers, URLs, and dates of access are also very important to record and keep
Electronic Systems
For those who are inclined to keep everything on a computer, we recommend using a citation management program like Zotero. This type of program can save resources directly from our library catalog, databases, and websites. You can organize your saved resources, attach PDF files, and add your notes. Zotero also has a plugin for Microsoft Word and other word processing programs that allow you to drag and drop formatted citations directly into your document.

For more information about Zotero, please see this guide.

Things to remember:
  • Pay attention to details - sometimes the information about the resource will need to be edited to match Chicago/Turabian style (e.g., captialization in the title)
  • Use quotation marks to indicate that you have copied a direct quote into your notes
  • Keep track of page numbers and dates when you accessed an online resource
  • Remember to backup your computer regularly and/or backup your Zotero database to an online location (e.g., Zotero's online account service or Google Drive)
General Inquiries
  • Email us
  • Call 717-290-8707
  • Write to:
    Schaff Library
    Lancaster Theological Seminary
    555 West James St.
    Lancaster, PA 17603
Writing Center
Need a coach for your project?
Seminary Librarian
 Photo of Myka Kennedy Stephens
Deaconess Myka Kennedy Stephens
Seminary Librarian and Assistant Professor of Theological Bibliography

Feel free to schedule an appointment with me to discuss your research needs. Click the button above to sign up for an available time.
Annotated Bibliography Resources
In addition to the texts used in DMin Seminar IV, here are some helpful resources about preparing an annotated bibliography: An example of an annotated bibliography:
Chicago/Turabian Summarized
Chicago/Turabian notes-bibliography style uses footnotes in the text as a way to cite your sources when you use them. A footnote needs to be used following both direct quotes and paraphrases. Insert the footnote at the end of the sentence, after your closing punctuation, using your word processor. This will put a superscript number at the end of your sentence and move your cursor to the bottom of the page where a matching number appears. Type in or copy/paste your citation here, then return to the main body of your paper to continue writing.

When you have completed your assignment, you will collect all your sources into a bibliography. This starts on a separate page at the end of the document. The listings are in alphabetical order by the author's last name. Bibliography entries are also formatted to use hanging indents.

The formats for footnotes and bibliography entries varies slightly. A footnote is formatted to read like a sentence and uses commas and a period at the end. A bibliography entry is formatted to read like a paragraph and uses periods throughout.
Printable Handout Adapted from Chicago-Style Quick Guide
NOTE ABOUT UPDATE TO CHICAGO MANUAL OF STYLE
The 17th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style was published in Fall 2017, and the 9th edition of Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations was published in Spring 2018. 

Many online resources that we direct you to have already been updated to these new editions. During the 2018-19 academic year we will be transitioning to the latest editions and editing our customized resources. While we are transitioning, feel free to use the previous edition if you are more familiar with it. 

See What's New in the 17th Edition of the Chicago Manual of Style
Using a Word Processor for Formatting Footnotes and Bibliographies
Today's word processors are incredibly powerful and contain preset formats for both footnotes and hanging indents for your bibliography. Whether you are using Microsoft Word or a cloud-based word processor like Google Docs, you will be able to insert footnotes and format your bibliography with ease.

To learn how to insert a footnote: To learn how to format your bibliography with hanging indents:
Annotated Bibliographies with Zotero
It is possible to store your annotations in your Zotero records and use Zotero to create your annotated bibliography.

To use Zotero to manage your annotated bibliography, follow the instructions on this handy guide by Emory University Libraries.
General Inquiries
  • Email us
  • Call 717-290-8707
  • Write to:
    Schaff Library
    Lancaster Theological Seminary
    555 West James St.
    Lancaster, PA 17603
Seminary Librarian
 Photo of Myka Kennedy Stephens
Deaconess Myka Kennedy Stephens
Seminary Librarian and Assistant Professor of Theological Bibliography

Feel free to schedule an appointment with me to discuss your research needs. Click the button above to sign up for an available time.
Your Manuscript Checklist
 DMin Major Project Manuscript Checklist pdf 
This is identical to the checklist found in ProQuest ETD Administrator, except in PDF format.
Editing the Front Matter Template
 DMin Front Matter Template docx 
This is identical to the file found in ProQuest ETD Administrator.

What needs to be changed on the first page:
  • Replace the sample title with your title, but break it (hit enter) so that it appears in an inverted pyramid; the top line of your title should be longer than the second line of your title, and so forth. Use title case: capitalize the first word and all principle words, but not articles, prepositions, or conjunctions. Make sure the font stays bold.
  • Put your name where it says "Your Name Here." Make sure the font stays bold.
  • At the bottom, replace "Graduation Year" with the year of your graduation. For example, if you are graduating in 2018 the line will read "May 2018."
What needs to be changed on the second page:
  • First line: replace the sample title with your title. If your project has a long subtitle, it might be best to only include the main title on this page.
  • Second line: next to the copyright symbol, replace the text with the year of your graduation and your name, separated by a comma.
  • Add the name of your project supervisor under the first signature line.
  • Under Dr. Thayer's signature line, add the date of your submission.
TIP: The page numbers are already set up correctly in the template. Instead of trying to copy and paste these pages into your manuscript file, keep them separate. It will be easier to convert this document into a PDF and merge it with the PDF of your manuscript.
Bringing the Rest Together with Sections and Headings
This and the following sections include instructions for Microsoft Word. It is possible to create the same results using a different word processor (e.g., Google Docs or Pages for Mac), but you will need to consult the documentation for those programs.

Also, keep in mind that there are many versions of Microsoft Word in use today, and there will be variations based on which version you are using. Please consult your installation of Microsoft Word to familiarize yourself with which version you have.

One more disclaimer: This is not the only method for preparing your manuscript for publication. There are other ways; some may be better or shorter than what is described below.


Step 1: Bring all of your text (Abstract, Dedication, each individual chapter, appendices, and bibliography) into one Word document Step 2: Insert section breaks
  • At the end of each major component, use a Section Break (Next Page).
  • This keeps your document clean (no extra line breaks to move text to a new page), and it tells the computer where each new section begins.
  • Instructions for using Section Breaks
Step 3: Style the chapter titles and headings
  • Microsoft Word uses styles to identify different parts of the text. For your Table of Contents, you will want each heading that will appear in the contents to be using a style.
  • Use Heading 1 for the main titles: Abstract, Dedication, Chapter 1, Chapter 2, etc.
  • Use Heading 2, 3, etc. for subheadings within chapters.
  • The default styles in Microsoft Word will need to be edited to match Turabian recommendations. We recommend editing the styles yourself, and here are some instructions. There are some third-party Turabian-styled Microsoft Word templates available online; if you choose to use one be sure to check it for consistency with the version of Turabian we use and compliance with the submission guidelines.
  • Here are instructions for how to apply a style to text.
Page Numbering
Establishing sections by using the "Section Break (Next Page)" command is key to being able to successfully format the page numbers for your document.

Here are instructions from Microsoft Word for inserting page numbers.

Things to remember:
  • Place the page numbers centered in the footer
  • Start page numbering on the first page of your document with "iii"
  • Format the page numbers for the rest of the front matter sections as Roman numerals and continuous numbering with the previous section
  • On the first page of Chapter 1, format the page numbers to use Arabic numerals and restart the numbering with "1"
  • Check the formatting for the remaining sections to make sure that they are all formatted with Arabic numerals and continuous numbering with the previous section
  • To adjust the formatting of the page numbers, you will have to highlight the page number on the first page of the section you are adjusting and open the page numbering format box (check the Microsoft Word instructions for your particular version of Word)
Inserting a Table of Contents
It is best to leave this to the last part. While the Table of Contents can be updated if content changes, the update must be run manually. To prevent the possibility of forgetting to do this, we recommend leaving the Table of Contents until last.

Step 1: Create a blank page for the Table of Contents
  • It should follow the dedication
  • Insert a Section Break (Next Page) at the end of the dedication, creating a blank page between the dedication and following sections
Step 2: Create a heading for the page according to Turabian style guidelines
  • Make it consistent with the headings for all the other parts of your project, but do not use the corresponding style (this prevents the Table of Contents from being included in the Table of Contents)
Step 3: Insert a Table of Contents
Converting to PDF
When your entire project is complete, error-free, and formatted, you are ready to convert it to PDF. This is a multiple step-process to bring all the pieces together into one PDF. 

Step 1: Convert everything into a PDF: front matter file and major project file Step 2: Merge the PDF documents into one