Welcome to CH100!
This guide provides additional resources you may find helpful as you take this course. If you have any questions, please feel free to ask your librarian!

This course has materials on course reserve. To see the full list of resources and their current availability click the link below:

Course Reserves for CH100 - Church History

Course reserves are available at the Circulation Desk. You may check out up to three items at a time for a three hour loan period. Reserves may be renewed up to two times if they are not on hold for another patron. If you check out a reserve within one hour of the library's closing, you may keep it overnight and return it within one hour of opening the following day. Overdue reserve items accumulate a fine of $1 per hour.
Seminary Librarian
 Photo of Myka Kennedy Stephens
Deaconess Myka Kennedy Stephens
Seminary Librarian and Associate Professor of Theological Bibliography

Feel free to schedule an appointment with me to discuss your research needs. Click the button above to sign up for an available time.
NPR : Religion
NPR : Religion
Religious news reports from National Public Radio.
Latest Religion News from NPR

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Religion News Service
Religion News Service
Coverage of religion, ethics, and spirituality.
Latest Stories from RNS

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The Christian Century
The Christian Century
Magazine covering theology, ministry, arts, politics, and culture.
Latest News from Christian Century

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Christianity Today
Christianity Today
Magazine featuring articles on theology, church, ministry, and culture.
Latest Stories from Christianity Today

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HuffPost Religion
HuffPost Religion
The Huffington Post Religion Section

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Tips for the Savvy Searcher
  • Start with a keyword search. This will return a broad list of results.
  • Narrow your search using the limiters on the left side of the page. Possiblities include:
    • Availability in library collection (Discovery search feature)
    • Type of publication
    • Date published
    • Subject
    • Language
  • When you look at a record for a resource that looks particularly useful, click on the hyperlinked subject headings in the record to launch new searches for those subject headings. This may return additional resources that didn't come up in your first keyword search.
  • Keep trying different keyword and subject searches as you go along.
Is information or a source good? The CRAAP Test can help you decide!


Search our Library Catalog

Electronic Resources from the Library
Citing Sources in a Presentation
  • Quotes and Paraphrases: Use the Chicago footnote form to indicate where the quote, paraphrase, or idea came from. This is the form that arranges the source information into a sentence. Because this is a presentation and how it looks is important, place your citations in their own text box, use a smaller font size and place it near the bottom of the slide. 
  • Images and Photographs: It is crucial that you credit where your images came from, too! Place the photographer's name (if available) and a URL next to the photograph. This can be done by putting the text in a text box and placing it next to the image like a caption.
Difference between Footnote Form and Bibliography Form
When using Chicago Notes-Bibliography style, citations are formatted one way for footnotes and in a slightly different way for the bibliography. 

Footnotes read like sentences that appear at the bottom of the pages of your work.
#. Michael Pollan, The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals (New York: Penguin, 2006), 99-100.
Notice that there are commas separating the parts of the citation and a period appears only at the end.

A Bibliography is a comprehensive listing of all the sources used throughout a document. Bibliography entries are arranged alphabetically by the author's last name or by title when there isn't an author. Each entry reads like a paragraph.
Pollan, Michael. The Omnivore's Dilemma: A Natural History of Four Meals. New York: Penguin, 2006.

Weinstein, Joshua I. "The Market in Plato's Republic," Classical Philology 104 (2009): 439-58.
Notice that there are periods separating the parts of the citation. For longer entries that take up more than one line on the page, use a hanging indent to format each entry. Entries are single spaced with an empty line between each entry.
An Annotated Bibliography is a bibliography that includes 1-3 paragraphs about each source. These paragraphs summarize the main points, assess and evaluate the author's argument, and/or reflect on its contribution to the scholarly conversation.

The annotations, or paragraphs about the source, should be fully indented underneath the bibliographic entry.

For more information and examples, see the Purdue OWL site.
Chicago Quick Guide
 View or Download a 3-page PDF quick guide to Chicago Notes-Bibliography style pdf 

More resources and information about citation generators is available in our Chicago Manual of Style guide.
URL Shorteners
Long URLs can be difficult to work with in a presentation. Try one of these URL shortening services:
It's Not Just PowerPoint Anymore: Four Powerful Presentation Apps
Microsoft PowerPoint is the presentation application of the Microsoft Office suite and Microsoft 365. Different versions of Office/PowerPoint have different features, so PowerPoint 2013 looks slightly different from PowerPoint 2016 or PowerPoint in Microsoft 365. Keep this in mind when you are looking at tutorials and help guides. A PowerPoint presentation is built with individual slides. There are multiple default templates that can help you position your text and images on the slide (title slide, heading with text, blank slide, etc.). 

Google Slides is Google's answer to PowerPoint. All Lancaster Theological Seminary students have access to Google Slides via Google Drive. Within Google Drive click the "New" button and choose Google Slides from the drop down menu. Like PowerPoint, a Google Slides presentation is built with individual slides. These presentations can be downloaded in Microsoft PowerPoint format and opened in PowerPoint. Likewise, PowerPoint files can be uploaded to Google Drive and converted to Google Slides format. As a cloud application, Google Slides requires an Internet connection to access your file and save your changes. 

If you use a Mac computer or an Apple iPhone or iPad, you may be familiar with Keynote, the Apple iWork presentation application. Keynote is also available as an application in iCloud, and now anyone can create a free iCloud account to use Apple's Pages, Numbers, and Keynote applications. Like PowerPoint and Slides, Keynote presentations are built with individual slides. The application is designed with Apple's distinct touch and those who enjoy that aesthetic will likely enjoy using this app for creating presentations.

If you're looking for a presentation application that thinks outside the slide, then you're looking for Prezi. Prezi is a cloud-based application that starts with a canvas instead of individual slides. Content is positioned on the canvas and the presentation takes a charted course through frames of the content, panning, zooming, and rotating as necessary. Designing presentations in Prezi that don't make your audience nauseous takes some practice. But don't let that discourage you. Once you get the hang of it, you'll be delivering memorable three-dimensional presentations that will make your audience forget about slides. Prezis can be presented via the Prezi website or downloaded for offline presentation situations.
Tips for Professional-looking Presentations
  • Citing sources in a presentation is just as important as in a paper. Identify the source of quotes, photos/images, statistics, etc. fully enough that the viewer can trace it. Details to include are: creator's name, title or URL of source, date and/or other identifying information. If using a lot of sources, a complete bibliography can also be added to the end of the presentation.
  • As in most things - Keep It Simple! Stay away from flashy animations, transitions, sound effects, and more.
  • Dark text on lighter backgrounds is easier to read when projected on a screen than light text on darker backgrounds
  • Your content is the star, not your background. Backgrounds should not distract or take away from what is displayed on them.
  • Remember that not everyone sees color the same way. Avoid combining reds and greens that are similar shades. This article goes into detail about choosing colorblind-friendly palettes.
Video Tutorials to Inspire and Help You Get Started
The Beginner's Guide to Microsoft PowerPoint (Technology for Teachers and Students)
Getting Started with Keynote for iCloud (Tuts+ Computer Skills)
Get Started with Google Drive in Under 3 Minutes (Amy Mayer)
Prezi Tutorial: Get Started in Prezi (Prezi)
YouTube and Your lancasterseminary.edu Account
As a student with a lancasterseminary.edu account, you already have a YouTube account.

Logging in to your lancasterseminary.edu YouTube account:
  1. Go to https://youtube.com
  2. Click the user sign in on the upper right corner of the site and proceed with logging in using your lancasterseminary.edu account credentials
    • If you are already logged into a YouTube account, click "Switch account" from the menu. If your lancasterseminary.edu account is not listed, click "Add account" and proceed with logging in using your lancasterseminary.edu account credentials.
Every student automatically has their own channel.

Accessing your YouTube Channel:
  1. To view your channel as a someone else would see it, click the user menu on the upper right corner of the site and select "Your channel"
  2. To live stream, upload videos, and manage all your videos (public, unlisted, and private):
    1. Click the button for YouTube Studio from your channel page -- OR --
    2. Click the user menu on the upper right corner of the site and select "YouTube Studio"
Create a Video
There are many different ways to create a video.
  • On a mobile device, record a video using your device's camera
    • Most smartphones will record a better-quality video using the rear camera instead of the front-facing camera
    • The YouTube mobile app supports a seamless record-edit-upload experience
  • On a computer, record your screen and/or feed from your computer's camera
  • Record digital video using a digital camera or digital camcorder and transfer the file to your computer
Pay attention to audio quality.

A dedicated microphone or headset connected to your recording device will usually boost the audio captured in your recording.

Editing may be necessary to give your video a finished look.

Simple editing includes clipping the beginning and end and adding a title frame and/or end credits.
Slightly more advanced editing includes special effects, transitions, and adding a music track or voiceover.

Save your video in a format supported by YouTube, like MPEG4 or MOV.
Privacy Options
YouTube's privacy settings give you complete control over who sees your video.

Any time you upload a new recording or go live, YouTube offers three privacy options:
  1. Public - anyone can see it and it is posted to the public channel; subscribers are alerted
    • Use this setting when you want your video to be discoverable by anyone on the Internet
  2. Unlisted - only people with the direct link will be able to access
    • Recommended setting for videos made for coursework; professors and classmates will need the link to access your video
  3. Private - only viewable by you
    • Use this setting for videos you're storing and aren't ready for anyone to see; sharing is possible by inviting YouTube users directly, which requires a YouTube login by the person you've shared the video with  
Upload a Video to YouTube
Using YouTube's Website on a Computer:
  1. Confirm you are signed in to the correct account, indicated by the user menu picture in the upper right corner of the screen
  2. Tap the video camera icon and select “Upload Video”
  3. Use the popup window that appears to drag-and-drop your video file or click “Select File” to open a file explorer window to find and select your video file
  4. Add details for your video
    1. Add a title
    2. Give it a brief description
    3. Audience: Unless your assignment is designed for children or youth, it is not made for kids and does not need an age restriction
    4. Click Next
  5. Video elements are not generally used; click next
  6. Set the visibility of your video to an appropriate level (unlisted recommended)
  7. Click “Save” when finished
  8. Select “Videos” from the menu on the left to view the progress of your upload and access it when it is finished.
Using the YouTube Mobile App:
  1. Confirm you are signed in to the correct account (individual or brand), indicated by the user menu picture in the upper right corner of the screen
  2. Tap the video camera icon
  3. Record a new video -OR- Scroll through your video library to find the video you want to upload; tap it to select
  4. The video will load in a simple editor. 
    1. Trim (scissors): Adjust the blue bars to where you want the video to start and stop
    2. Filter (magic wand): Apply a filter to make the picture look different
    3. Music (music note): Add music to your video
    4. Tap Next in the upper right corner when done
  5. Finalize the details of your video
    1. Tap the Title space to give it a title
    2. Tap the Description space to give it a description
    3. Set the privacy to an appropriate level (unlisted recommended)
    4. Tap upload in the upper right corner
  6. The video will go through an uploading and processing phase. The time will depend on how long the video is. Swipe down on the screen to update when the video is finished uploading and processing to see it in your list of videos.
Sharing YouTube Videos
To share a video, you simply need to copy the URL of the video and share with your professor and/or classmates. There are many ways to get the URL. Do make sure you are on the video's YouTube page, not the video's information page in YouTube Studio.

If you are creating multiple videos for a single assignment or project, it may be helpful to collect them all in a playlist. This generates one URL for an entire list of videos instead of having to share individual URLs for each video.

See this tutorial from YouTube about creating a playlist.
Free Video Recording and Editing Apps
  • Camera: app included with Windows 10 good for recording
  • Photos: app included with Windows 10 supports basic video editing
  • QuickTime Player: app included with Mac OSX supports both camera and screen recording
  • Photo Booth: app included with Mac OSX supports camera recording
  • iMovie: app included with Mac OSX for video editing
  • Camera: app included with iOS for recording video
  • iMovie: Apple's video editor also available for iPhone and iPad
  • Clips: app included with iOS for creating and sharing short videos
  • YouTube: mobile app supports video recording and editing
  • Camera: app included with Android for recording video
  • YouTube: mobile app supports video recording and editing
For more suggestions, try these websites for recommendations: