Your IS220 Course Guide
The resources and information found here is intended to supplement course materials provided to you by your instructor. It is the result of a collaboration between your instructor and the seminary librarian.

Please consider this as a starting point for your assignments, an opportunity to dig deeper into what you're learning in this course, and a trusted source for additional support in your learning experience at Lancaster Theological Seminary.

If you find anything that is out of place or not working correctly, please inform the seminary librarian.
Course Reserves
This course has materials on course reserve. To see the full list of resources and their current availability click the link below:

Course Reserves for IS220 - Christianity and the Arts

Course reserves are available at the Circulation Desk. You may check out up to three items at a time for a three hour loan period. Reserves may be renewed up to two times if they are not on hold for another patron. If you check out a reserve within one hour of the library's closing, you may keep it overnight and return it within one hour of opening the following day. Overdue reserve items accumulate a fine of $1 per hour.
Art & Copyright Basics for Ministry Settings
Pictures and images convey meaning in a visually powerful way that words cannot. We want to use them in our worship bulletins, on our church websites, and in our social media posts, just to name a few examples. These are public venues, and the non-profit or religious status of your organization does not exempt you from abiding by copyright law. Let's make sure we're doing this responsibly.
  1. Assume any image you want to use is protected by U.S. or international copyright law. Unless you created it (by taking a photograph or drawing the original, for example), then it is almost certain that someone else owns the copyright.
  2. Know the creator and the source. Before using any image, you must keep a record of who created it and where you found it. Some images are posted by creators who go by a username instead of their legal name. This is fine as long as you also record all the information about the site where the image was posted. You need to know the URL of the image, the name of the website, and the date you accessed it.
  3. Check for licenses and permissions. Some creators publish their images on sites and attach a special license to it that grant permission for others to use the image publicly. The Creative Commons offers several licensing options that are popular and easy for creators to apply to their works. A license does not mean that a work is not covered by copyright. It is a permission that the creator grants to authorize use of their work by others.
  4. Use is prohibited? Choose another image. As much as you may like and want to use an image from a source that says any public use is prohibited, it is best to respect the creator and choose another image. In some cases, you could try contacting the creator to obtain special permission to use their work; however, this may not always be practical or the creator may deny your request.
  5. Follow the conditions of the license and give credit. Licenses are not all the same. Read the conditions to make sure your use falls within the bounds of what the license allows. When a creator needs to be given credit for the work, be sure to include that with your work. A caption with the image or a byline along the side of the image works nicely.
Additional Resources for Understanding Copyright:
Getting Permission from People in a Photograph
If you've taken a photograph that shows people, particularly their faces, then it is best to get their permission before using the photograph publicly. This is particularly important when photographing children or anyone who is unable to give direct consent and relies on the decision of someone charged with a power of attorney.

Sample release forms for churches are widely available online. Please check with your judicatory or non-profit organization (e.g., hospital, community center, etc.) to see if one already exists for your purpose.

Sources for Images in the Public Domain or in Creative Commons
  • Creative Commons Search - access to websites that collect and make available works with CC licenses applied to them.
  • Pixabay - stock photos contributed by a wide and active user community
  • Flickr - photo sharing website that offers users the option of applying a CC license to their photos; not all photos have a CC license; use the search filters to limit to photos with CC licenses
  • Google Image Search - to filter search results by license type, click Tools, then click the pull down menu for "Usage Rights" and select the license option that applies to your use
Art & Image Databases
Additional Museum and Image Websites
All of these websites allow users to download images for non-commercial use. Do give credit and link back to the original when using any images from these websites.